Markus Held

Cognitive Modelling: A Scientific Approach for Tailored Cockpit Type Rating Training

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Captain Markus Held, Senior Manager, Wet Training & Business Development, Lufthansa Aviation Training
Markus Held started his career as a pilot in 1998 at Lufthansa Flight Trainig in Bremen with his ab initio training for Lufthansa German Airlines. He flew on B737 and B747 as First Officer and became a Commander on A320 in 2017. During his career he was in different management positions within Lufthansa Airlines. He started to work for Lufthansa Airlines Ground Operations Department and was in lead for several multilateral projects between ATM, Airports and the Airline. After being involved in Cockpit Crew Training as SFI and TRI(r) on B737 and B747, he joined the Lufthansa Training Department as assistant of the Nominated Person Crew Training and as manager for several training related projects. Since 2016 he is working for Lufthansa Aviation Training as Senior Manager for the Wet Training & Business Development Department.


ABSTRACT
Cognitive Modeling: A Scientific Approach for Tailored Cockpit Type Rating Training
This session will leave you with a refreshingly modern perspective on cockpit type rating training. I will evaluate current challenges faced in the feasibility of time and cost efficient pilot training and discuss prospective solutions through the use of Big Data.

We are all facing more and more challenges in keeping pilot training suitable, time and cost efficient. Increased flexibility and diversity generates more volume and different demands for cockpit type rating training than in the past. Today’s training is challenged by evaluating training needs for a more inhomogeneous pilot group and requires conversion training between almost all aircraft types. During today’s fast moving airline environment there is no time to develop expertise for all possible trainings in time and required quality. As a result, the outcome of pilot training is less predictable. Redevelopment of training or additional training is heavily conflicting with capacity planning. Overall costs in training are increased, and pilots are not available on time.

Lufthansa Aviation Training is challenging current training approaches by advancing its training through cognitive modelling. Cognitive modelling is an area of science that deals with simulating human problem-solving and mental processing in a computerized model. Such a model can be used to simulate and predict human performance on tasks similar to ones modeled. 

Based on the findings of an EU funded scientific project, it is developing the HoliDes Training Suite – a model that tailors training syllabi to the needs of each individual pilot and their knowledge. By modelling existing knowledge from different pilots, the knowledge becomes comparable. Through that, the discrepancy of existing knowledge and target knowledge for new aircrafts can be defined. The TrainingSuite determines the degree of novelty in training for pilots based on their existing knowledge and enables a training syllabus that is tailored to the individual pilot’s training requirements. Consequently, it is allowing for the distribution of a constant and adequate training demand on the pilots. This is not only making training significantly more goal-driven than in the past, it is also decreasing long-term costs and capacity issues. 

Join the session for a more comprehensive view on the future of training!